To communicate color values effectively, completely specify the 6 parameters of your measurement method and verify that your color measurement is repeatable. These are the key factors to ensure inter-instrument agreement.
The best inter-instrument agreement in color measurement at multiple locations occurs when a product is measured with the same instrument model from the same manufacturer combined with the same measurement method at all sites.

In a physical measurement of weight or volume, there is only one parameter that can affect the measured values – the expression of units in American Standard or metric.
In a psychophysical measurement that quantifies color as a person perceives it, a complete quantification is 3 numbers with 6 parameters. Changing any of these measurement parameters will affect the expression of your measured color values.To effectively communicate your color values to a customer or another site, the following 6 parameters must be provided along with your values to ensure effective color communication and inter-instrument agreement.

1、Color Scale: Is it Hunter L, a, b or CIE L*, a*, b*? Both are L, a, b – type color scales in use by industry but color values will be different depending on the color scale used. Are these numbers expressed in absolute values, or differences (delta L*, delta a*, delta b*, delta E*) relative to a product standard? Sometimes, only a single specialized color index is being reported such as Whiteness Index, Yellowness Index or correlated visual color scales like APHA. Color scales are like color languages; you must be clear in what scale your values are expressed in in order to communicate effectively. Our recommendation is to use CIE L*, a*, b* unless a customer, test method or industry specification requires another.

2、CIE Illuminant: There are a choice of several – A (representing home light), C or D65 (representing daylight) and F2 (representing office light) are the most common illuminant choices. Illuminant C (6770 degrees Kelvin) representing average daylight is near but not identical to Illuminant D65 (6500 degrees Kelvin) representing noon daylight. Our recommendation is to use illuminant D65 unless a customer, test method or industry specification requires another.

3、CIE Standard Observer: You have choices of the 1931 2 Degree or the 1964 10 Degree Standard Observer. Both are very similar but not the identical. The 1964 10 Degree Observer is recommended.

4、Instrument Geometry: This parameter is fixed by the choice of instrument purchased and the nature of the sample. There are two general categories of instrument geometries for color measurement – directional 45°/0° or 0°/45° and diffuse 8°/d or d/8° sphere geometry. Instruments of different geometries view the sample differently, which affects the measured values. It is also best to further identify further conditions of the instrument mode or optical path – specular inclusion (RSIN)/exclusion (RSEX) and UV filter position.

5、Sample Preparation: How is the sample prepared prior to measurement? Is the sample backed by another material? Is it measured in a container such as a transmission cell or sample cup? Is it a powder pressed into a plaque? Is the sample cleaned in a defined way prior to measurement? The key purpose of sample preparation is to make the sample more uniform to help ensure a repeatable measurement. As preparation affects the nature of the sample presented for measurement, the sample must be prepared the same way each time.

6、Sample Presentation: What is the sample area being measured and number of readings averaged for each measurement? Is there a specific measurement pattern for the readings? Presentation techniques use optical (largest area of sample view) and statistical (multiple readings with replacement per measurement) to ensure a repeatable and representative color measurement of the sample. This must be the same at all sites to attain good inter-instrument agreement.